Transverse modes of photonic crystal vertical-cavity lasers

Aaron J. Danner, James J. Raftery, Noriyuki Yokouchi, Kent D. Choquette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The design of single mode and multimode photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) was analyzed. The photonic crystal VCSELs that operate in higher order defect modes were produced by controlling design parameters of the photonic crystal pattern. It was shown that the transverse modal behavior is consistent with the predictions of a theoretical model in which the etching depth dependence of the air holes of the photonic crystals was considered. The lower limit of optical confinement required from the photonic crystal pattern to influence the output beam of the laser was determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1031-1033
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 16 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Transverse modes of photonic crystal vertical-cavity lasers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this