Polycystin-2, also known as transient receptor potential polycystin-2 (TRPP2), is a membrane protein that regulates calcium homeostasis in renal epithelial cells. Mutations in PKD2, the gene encoding human TRPP2, cause enlarged cystic kidneys and contribute to polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Male Drosophila melanogaster with mutations in amo, the homolog of PKD2, display a mild decrease in sperm motility but have a drastic reduction in fertility due to failed sperm migration and storage within the female tract. Although TRPP2 has critical roles for Drosophila sperm function, the protein has not been described in mammalian sperm. Herein, we report the localization of TRPP2 in porcine sperm and identify functions of TRPP2 in regulating intracellular Ca2+ and motility. Porcine sperm treated with an antibody to TRPP2 in capacitating medium had reduced average path velocity and curvilinear velocity (p <.05). Blocking TRPP2 also increased sperm tail beat-cross frequency (p <.05). After 90 min of capacitation, sperm incubated with TRPP2 antibody had decreased intracellular Ca2+ concentration compared to controls (p <.05), consistent with TRPP2 function as a plasma membrane cation channel. This is the first report that mammalian sperm contain TRPP2, which appears to regulate intracellular Ca2+ and motility patterns in porcine sperm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas