Transient fluid flow and superheat transport in continuous casting of steel slabs

B. Zhao, B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, R. J. O'Malley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The turbulent flow of molten steel and the superheat transport in the mold region of a continuous caster of thin steel slabs are investigated with transient large-eddy simulations and plant experiments. The predicted fluid velocities matched measurements taken from dye-injection experiments on full-scale water models of the process. The corresponding predicted temperatures matched measurements by thermocouples lowered into the molten steel during continuous casting. The classic double-roll flow pattern is confirmed for this 132 × 984 mm slab caster at a 1.52 m/min casting speed, with about 85 pct of the single-phase flow leaving the two side ports of the three-port nozzle. The temperature in the top portion of the molten pool dropped to about 30 pet of the superheat-temperature difference entering the mold of 58°C. About 12 pet of the superheat is extracted at the narrow face, where the peak heat flux averages almost 750 kW/m 2 and the instantaneous peaks exceed 1500 kW/m 2. Two-thirds of the superheat is removed in the mold. The jets exiting the nozzle ports exhibit chaotic variations, producing temperature fluctuations in the upper liquid pool of ±4°C and peak heat-flux variations of ±350 kW/m 2. Employing a static-k subgrid-scale (SGS) model into the three-dimensional (3-D) finite-volume code had little effect on the solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-823
Number of pages23
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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