Transcription–replication interactions reveal bacterial genome regulation

Andrew W. Pountain, Peien Jiang, Tianyou Yao, Ehsan Homaee, Yichao Guan, Kevin J.C. McDonald, Magdalena Podkowik, Bo Shopsin, Victor J. Torres, Ido Golding, Itai Yanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Organisms determine the transcription rates of thousands of genes through a few modes of regulation that recur across the genome1. In bacteria, the relationship between the regulatory architecture of a gene and its expression is well understood for individual model gene circuits2,3. However, a broader perspective of these dynamics at the genome scale is lacking, in part because bacterial transcriptomics has hitherto captured only a static snapshot of expression averaged across millions of cells4. As a result, the full diversity of gene expression dynamics and their relation to regulatory architecture remains unknown. Here we present a novel genome-wide classification of regulatory modes based on the transcriptional response of each gene to its own replication, which we term the transcription–replication interaction profile (TRIP). Analysing single-bacterium RNA-sequencing data, we found that the response to the universal perturbation of chromosomal replication integrates biological regulatory factors with biophysical molecular events on the chromosome to reveal the local regulatory context of a gene. Whereas the TRIPs of many genes conform to a gene dosage-dependent pattern, others diverge in distinct ways, and this is shaped by factors such as intra-operon position and repression state. By revealing the underlying mechanistic drivers of gene expression heterogeneity, this work provides a quantitative, biophysical framework for modelling replication-dependent expression dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-669
Number of pages9
Issue number7999
StatePublished - Feb 15 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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