Trait approach and avoidance motivation: Lateralized neural activity associated with executive function

Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Gregory A. Miller, Anna S. Engels, John D. Herrington, Bradley P. Sutton, Marie T. Banich, Wendy Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Motivation and executive function are both necessary for the completion of goal-directed behavior. Research investigating the manner in which these processes interact is beginning to emerge and has implicated middle frontal gyrus (MFG) as a site of interaction for relevant neural mechanisms. However, this research has focused on state motivation, and it has not examined functional lateralization. The present study examined the impact of trait levels of approach and avoidance motivation on neural processes associated with executive function. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted while participants performed a color-word Stroop task. Analyses identified brain regions in which trait approach and avoidance motivation (measured by questionnaires) moderated activation associated with executive control. Approach was hypothesized to be associated with left-lateralized MFG activation, whereas avoidance was hypothesized to be associated with right-lateralized MFG activation. Results supported both hypotheses. Present findings implicate areas of middle frontal gyrus in top-down control to guide behavior in accordance with motivational goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-670
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroImage
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Motivation
Research
Color
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brain

Keywords

  • Approach
  • Avoidance
  • Executive function
  • FMRI
  • Laterality
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Trait approach and avoidance motivation : Lateralized neural activity associated with executive function. / Spielberg, Jeffrey M.; Miller, Gregory A.; Engels, Anna S.; Herrington, John D.; Sutton, Bradley P.; Banich, Marie T.; Heller, Wendy.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 661-670.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spielberg, Jeffrey M. ; Miller, Gregory A. ; Engels, Anna S. ; Herrington, John D. ; Sutton, Bradley P. ; Banich, Marie T. ; Heller, Wendy. / Trait approach and avoidance motivation : Lateralized neural activity associated with executive function. In: NeuroImage. 2011 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 661-670.
@article{05ec23a717e943ad94b9ee1cec26dfef,
title = "Trait approach and avoidance motivation: Lateralized neural activity associated with executive function",
abstract = "Motivation and executive function are both necessary for the completion of goal-directed behavior. Research investigating the manner in which these processes interact is beginning to emerge and has implicated middle frontal gyrus (MFG) as a site of interaction for relevant neural mechanisms. However, this research has focused on state motivation, and it has not examined functional lateralization. The present study examined the impact of trait levels of approach and avoidance motivation on neural processes associated with executive function. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted while participants performed a color-word Stroop task. Analyses identified brain regions in which trait approach and avoidance motivation (measured by questionnaires) moderated activation associated with executive control. Approach was hypothesized to be associated with left-lateralized MFG activation, whereas avoidance was hypothesized to be associated with right-lateralized MFG activation. Results supported both hypotheses. Present findings implicate areas of middle frontal gyrus in top-down control to guide behavior in accordance with motivational goals.",
keywords = "Approach, Avoidance, Executive function, FMRI, Laterality, Motivation",
author = "Spielberg, {Jeffrey M.} and Miller, {Gregory A.} and Engels, {Anna S.} and Herrington, {John D.} and Sutton, {Bradley P.} and Banich, {Marie T.} and Wendy Heller",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.037",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "661--670",
journal = "NeuroImage",
issn = "1053-8119",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trait approach and avoidance motivation

T2 - Lateralized neural activity associated with executive function

AU - Spielberg, Jeffrey M.

AU - Miller, Gregory A.

AU - Engels, Anna S.

AU - Herrington, John D.

AU - Sutton, Bradley P.

AU - Banich, Marie T.

AU - Heller, Wendy

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Motivation and executive function are both necessary for the completion of goal-directed behavior. Research investigating the manner in which these processes interact is beginning to emerge and has implicated middle frontal gyrus (MFG) as a site of interaction for relevant neural mechanisms. However, this research has focused on state motivation, and it has not examined functional lateralization. The present study examined the impact of trait levels of approach and avoidance motivation on neural processes associated with executive function. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted while participants performed a color-word Stroop task. Analyses identified brain regions in which trait approach and avoidance motivation (measured by questionnaires) moderated activation associated with executive control. Approach was hypothesized to be associated with left-lateralized MFG activation, whereas avoidance was hypothesized to be associated with right-lateralized MFG activation. Results supported both hypotheses. Present findings implicate areas of middle frontal gyrus in top-down control to guide behavior in accordance with motivational goals.

AB - Motivation and executive function are both necessary for the completion of goal-directed behavior. Research investigating the manner in which these processes interact is beginning to emerge and has implicated middle frontal gyrus (MFG) as a site of interaction for relevant neural mechanisms. However, this research has focused on state motivation, and it has not examined functional lateralization. The present study examined the impact of trait levels of approach and avoidance motivation on neural processes associated with executive function. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted while participants performed a color-word Stroop task. Analyses identified brain regions in which trait approach and avoidance motivation (measured by questionnaires) moderated activation associated with executive control. Approach was hypothesized to be associated with left-lateralized MFG activation, whereas avoidance was hypothesized to be associated with right-lateralized MFG activation. Results supported both hypotheses. Present findings implicate areas of middle frontal gyrus in top-down control to guide behavior in accordance with motivational goals.

KW - Approach

KW - Avoidance

KW - Executive function

KW - FMRI

KW - Laterality

KW - Motivation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957945520&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957945520&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.037

DO - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.08.037

M3 - Article

C2 - 20728552

AN - SCOPUS:77957945520

VL - 54

SP - 661

EP - 670

JO - NeuroImage

JF - NeuroImage

SN - 1053-8119

IS - 1

ER -