Training spoken language understanding systems with non-parallel speech and text

Leda Sari, Samuel Thomas, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

End-to-end spoken language understanding (SLU) systems are typically trained on large amounts of data. In many practical scenarios, the amount of labeled speech is often limited as opposed to text. In this study, we investigate the use of non-parallel speech and text to improve the performance of dialog act recognition as an example SLU task. We propose a multiview architecture that can handle each modality separately. To effectively train on such data, this model enforces the internal speech and text encodings to be similar using a shared classifier. On the Switchboard Dialog Act corpus, we show that pretraining the classifier using large amounts of text helps learning better speech encodings, resulting in up to 40% relatively higher classification accuracies. We also show that when the speech embeddings from an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system are used in this framework, the speech-only accuracy exceeds the performance of ASR-text based tests up to 15% relative and approaches the performance of using true transcripts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages8109-8113
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509066315
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: May 4 2020May 8 2020

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2020-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period5/4/205/8/20

Keywords

  • Dialog act recognition
  • Multiview training
  • Non-parallel data
  • Spoken language understanding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Training spoken language understanding systems with non-parallel speech and text'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this