TRAINING PRESCHOOL CHILDREN TO RECRUIT NATURAL COMMUNITIES OF REINFORCEMENT

Trevor F. Stokes, Susan A. Fowler, Donald M. Baer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Four normal and four deviant children aged four-to-six years were taught to judge the quality of their academic work in a preschool classroom, and to prompt or cue their teachers to comment about the quality of that work. When these skills did not generalize spontaneously to other teachers in concurrent natural situations, generalized responding was taught by the experimenter, in multiple-baseline design across subjects. This generalization programming enabled the children to contact a sometimes dormant, but readily available natural community of teacher praise and reinforcement, i.e., to recruit an increase in cued praise and schedules of praise for their good work. These behaviors may be important to young children who find themselves bereft of attention in classrooms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-303
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • change agents
  • cueing praise
  • generalization programming
  • preschoolers
  • prompts
  • student behavior
  • teacher behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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