Tracking the Metal-Centered Triplet in Photoinduced Spin Crossover of Fe(phen)3 2+ with Tabletop Femtosecond M-Edge X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure Spectroscopy

Kaili Zhang, Ryan Ash, Gregory S. Girolami, Josh Vura-Weis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fe(II) coordination complexes are promising alternatives to Ru(II) and Ir(III) chromophores for photoredox chemistry and solar energy conversion, but rapid deactivation of the initial metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) state to low-lying (d,d) states limits their performance. Relaxation to a long-lived quintet state is postulated to occur via a metal-centered triplet state, but this mechanism remains controversial. We use femtosecond extreme ultraviolet (XUV) transient absorption spectroscopy to measure the excited-state relaxation of Fe(phen)3 2+ and conclusively identify a 3T intermediate that forms in 170 fs and decays to a vibrationally hot 5T2g state in 39 fs. A coherent vibrational wavepacket with a period of 249 fs and damping time of 0.63 ps is observed on the 5T2g surface, and the spectrum of this oscillation serves as a fingerprint for the Fe-N symmetric stretch. The results show that the shape of the M2,3-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectrum is sensitive to the electronic structure of the metal center, and the high-spin sensitivity, fast time resolution, and tabletop convenience of XUV transient absorption make it a powerful tool for studying the complex photophysics of transition metal complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17180-17188
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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