Background: Thromboplastin reagents are used to conduct prothrombin time (PT) clotting tests to monitor oral anticoagulant therapy and screen for clotting factor deficiencies. Thromboplastins made from purified, recombinant tissue factor are generally more sensitive to changes in plasma factor (F) VII levels than are thromboplastins prepared from tissue extracts. This may be problematic as FVII's short plasma halflife can result in day-to-day fluctuation during oral anticoagulant therapy. We hypothesized that trace contamination of tissue-derived thromboplastins with FVII(a) blunts sensitivity to plasma FVII levels. Methods: Traces of purified FVIIa were added to thromboplastin reagents prepared using recombinant human tissue factor and the effect on sensitivity to individual clotting factorswas quantified in PT clotting assays. Results and conclusions: Adding 5-100 pM FVIIa not only decreased thromboplastin sensitivity to plasma FVII, it surprisingly increased sensitivity to plasma levels of FV, FX and prothrombin. In addition, traces of FVIIa interacted with changes in the salt content and phospholipid composition of recombinant thromboplastins to further modulate their sensitivities to individual clotting factors. These results help explain how thromboplastin reagents of differing composition exhibit differing sensitivities to individual clotting factor levels. Implications of our results for monitoring oral anticoagulant therapy and other uses of the PT assay are discussed.
- Factor VII
- International Normalized Ratio
- International Sensitivity Index
- Tissue factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas