Two remarkable features emerge from the exact Wilsonian procedure for integrating out the high-energy scale in the Hubbard model. At low energies, the number of excitations that couple minimally to the electromagnetic gauge is less than the conserved charge, thereby implying a breakdown of Fermi liquid theory. In addition, two charge e excitations emerge in the lower band, the standard projected electron and a composite entity (comprised of a hole and a charge 2e bosonic field), which give rise to poles and zeros of the single-particle Green function, respectively. The poles generate spectral weight along an arc centered at (π/2,π/2), while the zeros kill the spectral intensity on the back side of the arc. The result is the Fermi arc structure intrinsic to cuprate phenomenology. The presence of composite excitations also produces a broad incoherent pseudogap feature at the (π,0) region of the Brillouin zone, thereby providing a mechanism for the nodal/antinodal dichotomy seen in the cuprates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Sep 12 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics