Towards the standard model for Fermi arcs from a Wilsonian reduction of the Hubbard model

Seungmin Hong, Philip Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two remarkable features emerge from the exact Wilsonian procedure for integrating out the high-energy scale in the Hubbard model. At low energies, the number of excitations that couple minimally to the electromagnetic gauge is less than the conserved charge, thereby implying a breakdown of Fermi liquid theory. In addition, two charge e excitations emerge in the lower band, the standard projected electron and a composite entity (comprised of a hole and a charge 2e bosonic field), which give rise to poles and zeros of the single-particle Green function, respectively. The poles generate spectral weight along an arc centered at (π/2,π/2), while the zeros kill the spectral intensity on the back side of the arc. The result is the Fermi arc structure intrinsic to cuprate phenomenology. The presence of composite excitations also produces a broad incoherent pseudogap feature at the (π,0) region of the Brillouin zone, thereby providing a mechanism for the nodal/antinodal dichotomy seen in the cuprates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115118
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume86
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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