Towards provenance-aware geographic information systems

Shaowen Wang, Anand Padmanabhan, James D. Myers, Wenwu Tang, Yong Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

GIS (Geographic Information Systems) play an important role to acquire and communicate geospatial knowledge based on spatial data and the use of spatial analysis, modeling, and visualization. The assurance of the validity and quality of spatial data handling and analysis remains a great challenge, in part, because of sophisticated procedures are often required for collaborative geospatial problem-solving and decision making. These procedures, when specified as knowledge derivation workflows, require carefully configured parameters and spatiotemporal specifications guided by specific contexts and purposes. The information of spatial data lineage and related analysis workflow is defined as spatial provenance in this research. Such information is often not well recorded or managed during spatial data handling and related analysis. This paper presents a provenance-aware GIS architecture that incorporates spatial provenance to address this shortcoming and facilitate the assurance of validity and quality of spatial data handling and analysis. Spatial provenance in this architecture is generated and managed to allow queries on data lineage and workflow information to support geospatial problemsolving. Basic elements of spatial provenance are captured using a spatial provenance model. The illustration of the provenanceaware GIS architecture and its proof-of-concept implementation reveals the similarity and difference in the use of spatial provenance in GIS applications. Overall, the architecture and implementation described in the paper demonstrates the necessity and feasibility of introducing provenance into GIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM GIS 2008
Pages483-486
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event16th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM GIS 2008 - Irvine, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2008Nov 7 2008

Publication series

NameGIS: Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems

Other

Other16th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM GIS 2008
CountryUnited States
CityIrvine, CA
Period11/5/0811/7/08

Keywords

  • GIS
  • Open provenance model
  • Spatial provenance
  • Web services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Wang, S., Padmanabhan, A., Myers, J. D., Tang, W., & Liu, Y. (2008). Towards provenance-aware geographic information systems. In Proceedings of the 16th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, ACM GIS 2008 (pp. 483-486). [1463515] (GIS: Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems). https://doi.org/10.1145/1463434.1463515