Towards knowledge maintenance in scientific digital libraries with the keystone framework

Yuanxi Fu, Jodi Schneider

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Scientific digital libraries speed dissemination of scientific publications, but also the propagation of invalid or unreliable knowledge. Although many papers with known validity problems are highly cited, no auditing process is currently available to determine whether a citing paper's findings fundamentally depend on invalid or unreliable knowledge. To address this, we introduce a new framework, the keystone framework, designed to identify when and how citing unreliable findings impacts a paper, using argumentation theory and citation context analysis. Through two pilot case studies, we demonstrate how the keystone framework can be applied to knowledge maintenance tasks for digital libraries, including addressing citations of a non-reproducible paper and identifying statements most needing validation in a high-impact paper. We identify roles for librarians, database maintainers, knowledgebase curators, and research software engineers in applying the framework to scientific digital libraries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationJCDL 2020 - Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries in 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages217-226
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450375856
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Event2020 ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2020 - Virtual, Online, China
Duration: Aug 1 2020Aug 5 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries
ISSN (Print)1552-5996

Conference

Conference2020 ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2020
CountryChina
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/1/208/5/20

Keywords

  • Argument retrieval
  • Argumentation theory
  • Citation
  • Citation contexts
  • Citation of retracted papers
  • Knowledge claims
  • Knowledge maintenance
  • Retraction of research
  • Scientific literature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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