Towards Efficient Modularity in Industrial Drying: A Combinatorial Optimization Viewpoint

Alisina Bayati, Amber Srivastava, Amir Malvandi, Hao Feng, Srinivasa M. Salapaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The industrial drying process consumes approximately 12% of the total energy used in manufacturing, with the potential for a 40% reduction in energy usage through improved process controls and the development of new drying technologies. To achieve cost-efficient and high-performing drying, multiple drying technologies can be combined in a modular fashion with optimal sequencing and control parameters for each. This paper presents a mathematical formulation of this optimization problem and proposes a framework based on the Maximum Entropy Principle (MEP) to simultaneously solve for both optimal values of control parameters and optimal sequence. The proposed algorithm addresses the combinatorial optimization problem with a non-convex cost function riddled with multiple poor local minima. Simulation results on drying distillers dried grain (DDG) products show up to 12% improvement in energy consumption compared to the most efficient single-stage drying process. The proposed algorithm converges to local minima and is designed heuristically to reach the global minimum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2023 American Control Conference, ACC 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350328066
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 American Control Conference, ACC 2023 - San Diego, United States
Duration: May 31 2023Jun 2 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Conference2023 American Control Conference, ACC 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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