Towards an understanding of the stability properties of the 3+1 evolution equations in general relativity

Miguel Alcubierre, Gabrielle Allen, Bernd Brügmann, Edward Seidel, Wai Mo Suen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study the stability properties of the standard ADM formulation of the 3+1 evolution equations of general relativity through linear perturbations of flat spacetime. We focus attention on modes with zero speed of propagation and conjecture that they are responsible for instabilities encountered in numerical evolutions of the ADM formulation. These zero speed modes are of two kinds: pure gauge modes and constraint violating modes. We show how the decoupling of the gauge by a conformal rescaling can eliminate the problem with the gauge modes. The zero speed constraint violating modes can be dealt with by using the momentum constraints to give them a finite speed of propagation. This analysis sheds some light on the question of why some recent reformulations of the 3+1 evolution equations have better stability properties than the standard ADM formulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume62
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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