Toward Superconducting Critical Current by Design

Ivan A. Sadovskyy, Ying Jia, Maxime Leroux, Jihwan Kwon, Hefei Hu, Lei Fang, Carlos Chaparro, Shaofei Zhu, Ulrich Welp, Jian Min Zuo, Yifei Zhang, Ryusuke Nakasaki, Venkat Selvamanickam, George W. Crabtree, Alexei E. Koshelev, Andreas Glatz, Wai Kwong Kwok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The new critical-current-bydesign paradigm was demonstrated on technologically important rare earth barium copper oxide coated conductors. The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) simulations elucidate the vortex dynamics responsible for the non-additive behavior of the vortex-defect interaction in the presence of different types of correlated defects with various spatial orientations. In particular, a vortex-sliding scenario was also observed, directly demonstrating the dynamics that can result from synergies between different types of pinning. Using this approach, we also can predict the optimal concentrations of these defects for maximal critical current.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4593-4600
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • critical current by design
  • high-temperature superconductors
  • time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau
  • vortex dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Sadovskyy, I. A., Jia, Y., Leroux, M., Kwon, J., Hu, H., Fang, L., Chaparro, C., Zhu, S., Welp, U., Zuo, J. M., Zhang, Y., Nakasaki, R., Selvamanickam, V., Crabtree, G. W., Koshelev, A. E., Glatz, A., & Kwok, W. K. (2016). Toward Superconducting Critical Current by Design. Advanced Materials, 28(23), 4593-4600.