Toward rapid and efficient utilization of nonconventional substrates by nonconventional yeast strains

Hyun Gi Koh, Sangdo Yook, Hyunjoon Oh, Christopher V. Rao, Yong Su Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Economic and sustainable production of biofuels and chemicals necessitates utilizing abundant and inexpensive lignocellulosic biomass. Yet, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a workhorse strain for industrial biotechnology based on starch and sugarcane-derived sugars, is not suitable for lignocellulosic bioconversion due to a lack of pentose metabolic pathways and severe inhibition by toxic inhibitors in cellulosic hydrolysates. This review underscores the potential of nonconventional yeast strains, specifically Yarrowia lipolytica and Rhodotorula toruloides, for converting underutilized carbon sources, such as xylose and acetate, into high-value products. Multi-omics studies with nonconventional yeast have elucidated the structure and regulation of metabolic pathways for efficient and rapid utilization of xylose and acetate. The review delves into the advantages of using xylose and acetate for producing biofuels and chemicals. Collectively, value-added biotransformation of nonconventional substrates by nonconventional yeast strains is a promising strategy to improve both economics and sustainability of bioproduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103059
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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