Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood: The Six-Cs Model

Kristen Harrison, Kelly K. Bost, Brent A. McBride, Sharon M. Donovan, Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint, Juhee Kim, Janet M. Liechty, Angela Wiley, Margarita Teran-Garcia, Gwen Costa Jacobsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Overweight in childhood sets the stage for a lifelong struggle with weight and eating and raises the risk of health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sleep apnea, and heart disease. Research from multiple disciplinary fields has identified scores of contributing factors. Efforts to integrate these factors into a single "big picture" have been hampered by the challenges of constructing theoretical models that are both comprehensive and developmentally adaptable. This article reviews select genetic and environmental factors influencing childhood overweight and obesity, then explicates an ecological model mapping these and other factors. The Six-Cs model extends previous theoretical work on childhood weight imbalance by acknowledging dimensions of factors specific to heredity as well as the environment, to activity as well as nutrition, to resources and opportunities as well as practices, and to development from birth through adolescence. This article concludes by discussing the model's policy relevance and identifying important next steps for transdisciplinary research concerning child overweight and obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalChild Development Perspectives
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Fingerprint

Pediatric Obesity
childhood
heredity
Weights and Measures
Heredity
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Research
transdisciplinary
Heart Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Theoretical Models
hypertension
heart disease
Obesity
Eating
sleep
eating behavior
Parturition
Hypertension
adolescence

Keywords

  • Community
  • Ecological model
  • Family
  • Genetic
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood : The Six-Cs Model. / Harrison, Kristen; Bost, Kelly K.; McBride, Brent A.; Donovan, Sharon M.; Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana S.; Kim, Juhee; Liechty, Janet M.; Wiley, Angela; Teran-Garcia, Margarita; Jacobsohn, Gwen Costa.

In: Child Development Perspectives, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.03.2011, p. 50-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a3151718ffa7411f9777b98f68affad1,
title = "Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood: The Six-Cs Model",
abstract = "Overweight in childhood sets the stage for a lifelong struggle with weight and eating and raises the risk of health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sleep apnea, and heart disease. Research from multiple disciplinary fields has identified scores of contributing factors. Efforts to integrate these factors into a single {"}big picture{"} have been hampered by the challenges of constructing theoretical models that are both comprehensive and developmentally adaptable. This article reviews select genetic and environmental factors influencing childhood overweight and obesity, then explicates an ecological model mapping these and other factors. The Six-Cs model extends previous theoretical work on childhood weight imbalance by acknowledging dimensions of factors specific to heredity as well as the environment, to activity as well as nutrition, to resources and opportunities as well as practices, and to development from birth through adolescence. This article concludes by discussing the model's policy relevance and identifying important next steps for transdisciplinary research concerning child overweight and obesity.",
keywords = "Community, Ecological model, Family, Genetic, Obesity",
author = "Kristen Harrison and Bost, {Kelly K.} and McBride, {Brent A.} and Donovan, {Sharon M.} and Grigsby-Toussaint, {Diana S.} and Juhee Kim and Liechty, {Janet M.} and Angela Wiley and Margarita Teran-Garcia and Jacobsohn, {Gwen Costa}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1750-8606.2010.00150.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "50--58",
journal = "Child Development Perspectives",
issn = "1750-8592",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood

T2 - The Six-Cs Model

AU - Harrison, Kristen

AU - Bost, Kelly K.

AU - McBride, Brent A.

AU - Donovan, Sharon M.

AU - Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana S.

AU - Kim, Juhee

AU - Liechty, Janet M.

AU - Wiley, Angela

AU - Teran-Garcia, Margarita

AU - Jacobsohn, Gwen Costa

PY - 2011/3/1

Y1 - 2011/3/1

N2 - Overweight in childhood sets the stage for a lifelong struggle with weight and eating and raises the risk of health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sleep apnea, and heart disease. Research from multiple disciplinary fields has identified scores of contributing factors. Efforts to integrate these factors into a single "big picture" have been hampered by the challenges of constructing theoretical models that are both comprehensive and developmentally adaptable. This article reviews select genetic and environmental factors influencing childhood overweight and obesity, then explicates an ecological model mapping these and other factors. The Six-Cs model extends previous theoretical work on childhood weight imbalance by acknowledging dimensions of factors specific to heredity as well as the environment, to activity as well as nutrition, to resources and opportunities as well as practices, and to development from birth through adolescence. This article concludes by discussing the model's policy relevance and identifying important next steps for transdisciplinary research concerning child overweight and obesity.

AB - Overweight in childhood sets the stage for a lifelong struggle with weight and eating and raises the risk of health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sleep apnea, and heart disease. Research from multiple disciplinary fields has identified scores of contributing factors. Efforts to integrate these factors into a single "big picture" have been hampered by the challenges of constructing theoretical models that are both comprehensive and developmentally adaptable. This article reviews select genetic and environmental factors influencing childhood overweight and obesity, then explicates an ecological model mapping these and other factors. The Six-Cs model extends previous theoretical work on childhood weight imbalance by acknowledging dimensions of factors specific to heredity as well as the environment, to activity as well as nutrition, to resources and opportunities as well as practices, and to development from birth through adolescence. This article concludes by discussing the model's policy relevance and identifying important next steps for transdisciplinary research concerning child overweight and obesity.

KW - Community

KW - Ecological model

KW - Family

KW - Genetic

KW - Obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79851471025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79851471025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2010.00150.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2010.00150.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79851471025

VL - 5

SP - 50

EP - 58

JO - Child Development Perspectives

JF - Child Development Perspectives

SN - 1750-8592

IS - 1

ER -