Topotaxial decomposition of calcite-type KNO3 crystals

S. W. Kennedy, Waltraud M Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The calcite-like form of potassium nitrate, KNO3, decomposed under the transmission electron microscope to form KNO2 which subsequently decomposed giving the high-temperature β form of K2O. Two closely related orientation relations were observed for KNO2. Referred to the four-molecule cell of KNO3, they were [111]NNO3∥[111]KNO2, (011)KNO3∥(011)KNO2; and [100]KNO3∥[111]KNO2, (001)KNO3∥(001)KNO2. These and a different published orientation relation for the decomposition of cadmium carbonate conform, respectively, to orientations resulting from a corresponding structural phase transformation in rubidium nitrate. β-K2O formed with its cube axes parallel to those of KNO2. Both nitrate and carbonate reactions can be regarded as topotaxial. Application of the crystallographic approach to orientations and accommodation of misregistry is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980
Externally publishedYes

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Calcium Carbonate
Calcite
calcite
Nitrates
Rubidium
Decomposition
decomposition
Crystals
Carbonates
crystals
nitrates
carbonates
Electron microscopes
Phase transitions
potassium nitrates
Cadmium
Molecules
Potassium
accommodation
rubidium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Topotaxial decomposition of calcite-type KNO3 crystals. / Kennedy, S. W.; Kriven, Waltraud M.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.01.1980, p. 71-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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