TY - JOUR

T1 - Topology representing networks

AU - Martinetz, Thomas

AU - Schulten, Klaus

N1 - Funding Information:
Acknowledgements: We thank Benoit Noel and Philippe Dalger for pointing out the connection between the competitive Hebb rule and second-order Voronoi polyhedra and for formulating Theorem 1. This work has been supported by the Carver Charitable Trust, the BMFT under Grant No. 01IN102A7, and by a fellowship of the Volkswagen Foundation to T.M.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - A Hebbian adaptation rule with winner-take-all like competition is introduced. It is shown that this competitive Hebbian rule forms so-called Delaunay triangulations, which play an important role in computational geometry for efficiently solving proximity problems. Given a set of neural units i, i = 1,..., N, the synaptic weights of which can be interpreted as pointers wi, i = 1,..., N in RD, the competitive Hebbian rule leads to a connectivity structure between the units i that corresponds to the Delaunay triangulation of the set of pointers wi. Such competitive Hebbian rule develops connections (Cij > 0) between neural units i, j with neighboring receptive fields (Voronoi polygons) Vi, Vj, whereas between all other units i, j no connections evolve (Cij = 0). Combined with a procedure that distributes the pointers wi over a given feature manifold M, for example, a submanifold M ⊂ RD, the competitive Hebbian rule provides a novel approach to the problem of constructing topology preserving feature maps and representing intricately structured manifolds. The competitive Hebbian rule connects only neural units, the receptive fields (Voronoi polygons) Vi, Vj of which are adjacent on the given manifold M. This leads to a connectivity structure that defines a perfectly topology preserving map and forms a discrete, path preserving representation of M, also in cases where M has an intricate topology. This makes this novel approach particularly useful in all applications where neighborhood relations have to be exploited or the shape and topology of submanifolds have to be take into account.

AB - A Hebbian adaptation rule with winner-take-all like competition is introduced. It is shown that this competitive Hebbian rule forms so-called Delaunay triangulations, which play an important role in computational geometry for efficiently solving proximity problems. Given a set of neural units i, i = 1,..., N, the synaptic weights of which can be interpreted as pointers wi, i = 1,..., N in RD, the competitive Hebbian rule leads to a connectivity structure between the units i that corresponds to the Delaunay triangulation of the set of pointers wi. Such competitive Hebbian rule develops connections (Cij > 0) between neural units i, j with neighboring receptive fields (Voronoi polygons) Vi, Vj, whereas between all other units i, j no connections evolve (Cij = 0). Combined with a procedure that distributes the pointers wi over a given feature manifold M, for example, a submanifold M ⊂ RD, the competitive Hebbian rule provides a novel approach to the problem of constructing topology preserving feature maps and representing intricately structured manifolds. The competitive Hebbian rule connects only neural units, the receptive fields (Voronoi polygons) Vi, Vj of which are adjacent on the given manifold M. This leads to a connectivity structure that defines a perfectly topology preserving map and forms a discrete, path preserving representation of M, also in cases where M has an intricate topology. This makes this novel approach particularly useful in all applications where neighborhood relations have to be exploited or the shape and topology of submanifolds have to be take into account.

KW - Delaunay triangulation

KW - Hebb rule

KW - Path planning

KW - Path preservation

KW - Proximity problems

KW - Topology preserving feature map

KW - Topology representation

KW - Voronoi polyhedron

KW - Winner-take-all competition

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U2 - 10.1016/0893-6080(94)90109-0

DO - 10.1016/0893-6080(94)90109-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0028204732

VL - 7

SP - 507

EP - 522

JO - Neural Networks

JF - Neural Networks

SN - 0893-6080

IS - 3

ER -