Topology Optimization: A Case Study of Precast Panels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This research hypothesizes that designers can use engineering problem-solving tools such as topology optimization for architectural design explorations beyond optimizing a design domain with predefined boundary conditions. Engineering, in this sense, is not just an after-the-fact consideration or an assessment tool but an integrative part of the design process. We selected the design of architectural precast concrete elements for façades as a case study to demonstrate how defining the design problem leads to different solutions. The discipline of architecture has increased awareness of the environmental impact of material use; thus, it is important to employ design methods that create structural geometries that do more with less. The results of this study demonstrate innovative design approaches for designers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-82
Number of pages16
JournalTechnology Architecture and Design
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • Computational Design
  • Design Exploration
  • Façades
  • Precast Panels
  • Topology Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Urban Studies


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