Topological hysteresis in the intermediate state of type-I superconductors

Ruslan Prozorov, Russell W. Giannetta, Anatolii A. Polyanskii, Garry K. Perkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magneto-optical imaging of thick stress-free lead samples reveals two distinct topologies of the intermediate state. Flux tubes are formed upon magnetic-field penetration (closed topology), and laminar patterns appear upon flux exit (open topology). Two-dimensional distributions of shielding currents were obtained by applying an efficient inversion scheme. Quantitative analysis of the magnetic induction distribution and correlation with magnetization measurements indicate that observed topological differences between the two phases are responsible for experimentally observable magnetic hysteresis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number212508
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number21
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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