Tools for modeling the thermosphere and ionosphere

A. G. Burns, T. L. Killeen, W. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During the past 15 years, various codes have been developed at the University of Michigan to aid in the specification of the thermosphere and ionosphere. A Diagnostic Processor for the NCAR Thermospheric General Circulation Model was developed to assess quantitatively the magnitudes of the various forcing processes acting within the model. The Vector Spherical Harmonic model was developed to provide a hybrid approach to thermosphere/ionosphere specification using a combination of the output fields of the TIGCM and ingested data. Most recently we have developed a new nested grid model that operates within the NCAR-TIGCM and provides higher temporal and spatial resolution for detailed regional and local studies. These models are described here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-543
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in the Astronautical Sciences
Volume97 PART 1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science


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