Tomographic Estimation of Exospheric Hydrogen Density Distributions

G. Cucho-Padin, Lara Waldrop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For the past decade, the Lyman-alpha detectors on board National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers (TWINS) mission have obtained routine measurements of solar Lyman-α photons (121.6 nm) resonantly scattered by atomic hydrogen (H) in the terrestrial exosphere. These data have been used to derive global three-dimensional (3-D) models of exospheric H density beyond 3 RE, which are needed to understand various aspects of aeronomy and heliophysics, such as atmospheric chemistry and energetics, magnetospheric energy dissipation, ion-neutral coupling, and atmospheric evolution through gravitational escape. These empirical distributions are obtained through parametric fitting of assumed functional forms that have little observational justification, thus limiting confidence in conclusions drawn from analysis of the resulting exospheric structure. In this work, we present a new means of global 3-D reconstruction of exospheric H density through tomographic inversion of the scattered H Lyman-α emission. Our approach avoids the conventional dependence on ad hoc parametric formulations and, based on the case studies reported here, appears to enable a more accurate characterization of the global structure of the H density in the outer exosphere. We evaluate the bounds of technique feasibility using simulated TWINS data and report new geophysical insights gained from applying this promising new approach to an example of actual TWINS data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5119-5139
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume123
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Fingerprint

neutral atoms
spectrometers
hydrogen
exosphere
density distribution
Spectrometers
Hydrogen
spectrometer
image analysis
Imaging techniques
Atoms
aeronomy
Atmospheric chemistry
atmospheric chemistry
energy dissipation
aeronautics
detectors
escape
NASA
confidence

Keywords

  • exosphere
  • hydrogen density estimation
  • tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Tomographic Estimation of Exospheric Hydrogen Density Distributions. / Cucho-Padin, G.; Waldrop, Lara.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 123, No. 6, 06.2018, p. 5119-5139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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