To engage or to quit: Work consequences of intimate partner aggression and the buffering role of career adaptability

Catherine Midel Deen, Simon Lloyd Restubog, Yueyang Chen, Patrick Raymund James M. Garcia, Yaqing He, Peter Lemuel T. Cayayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

How do intimate partner aggression victims successfully cope at work? Drawing upon the conservation of resources theory and its application in the work-family interface—the work home resources (WH-R) model, we proposed a moderated mediation model linking intimate partner aggression (IPA), work engagement, and work (i.e., performance, retention) and career (i.e., career sponsorship) outcomes. We also hypothesized that career adaptability, a vocationally relevant personal resource, serves as a buffer between IPA and work engagement. Multi-source and multi-wave data from two independent samples (Sample 1, n = 228 employee-coworker dyads; Sample 2, n = 215 employee-supervisor dyads) of working men and women from the Philippines lend support to our hypotheses. Results revealed that (1) work engagement mediated the relationships between IPA and work (i.e., performance, retention) and career (i.e., career sponsorship) outcomes, and that (2) the indirect effect of IPA in predicting work outcomes via work engagement was stronger for low as opposed to high levels of career adaptability. Psychological distress was tested as an alternative mediator but did not significantly influence the hypothesized relationships. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103641
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Career adaptability
  • Career sponsorship
  • Conservation of resources theory
  • Intimate partner aggression
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Retention
  • Work and family
  • Work engagement
  • Work performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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