Tissue- and development-specific induction and turnover of hsp70 transcripts from loci 87A and 87C after heat shock and during recovery in Drosophila melanogaster

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Abstract

The haploid genome of Drosophila melanogaster normally carries at least five nearly identical copies of heat-shock-inducible hsp70 genes, two copies at the 87A7 and three copies at the 87C1 chromosome sites. We used in situ hybridization of the cDNA, which hybridizes with transcripts of all five hsp70 genes, and of two 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR; specific for the 87A7- and 87C1-type hsp70 transcripts) riboprobes to cellular RNA to examine whether all these copies were similarly induced by heat shock in different cell types of D. melanogaster. Our results revealed remarkable differences not only in the heat-shock-inducibility of the hsp70 genes at the 87A7 and 87C1 loci, but also in their post-transcriptional metabolism, such as the stability of the transcripts and of their 3′UTRs in different cell types in developing embryos and in larval and adult tissues. Our results also revealed the constitutive presence of the heat-shock-inducible form of Hsp70 in a subset of late spermatogonial cells from the second-instar larval stage onwards. We suggest that the multiple copies of the stress-inducible hsp70 genes do not exist in the genome of D. melanogaster only to produce large amounts of the Hsp70 rapidly and at short notice, but that they are specifically regulated in a developmental-stage-specific manner. It is likely that the cost/benefit ratio of not producing or of producing a defined amount of Hsp70 under stress conditions varies for different cell types and under different physiological conditions and, accordingly, specific regulatory mechanisms operating at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels have evolved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-358
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume205
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Development
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Heat shock
  • Hsp70
  • hsrω
  • Untranslated region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

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