Motivation: Metagenomics has revolutionized microbiome research by enabling researchers to characterize the composition of complex microbial communities. Taxonomic profiling is one of the critical steps in metagenomic analyses. Marker genes, which are single-copy and universally found across Bacteria and Archaea, can provide accurate estimates of taxon abundances in the sample. Results: We present TIPP2, a marker gene-based abundance profiling method, which combines phylogenetic placement with statistical techniques to control classification precision and recall. TIPP2 includes an updated set of reference packages and several algorithmic improvements over the original TIPP method. We find that TIPP2 provides comparable or better estimates of abundance than other profiling methods (including Bracken, mOTUsv2 and MetaPhlAn2), and strictly dominates other methods when there are under-represented (novel) genomes present in the dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1839-1845
Number of pages7
JournalBioinformatics (Oxford, England)
Issue number13
Early online dateJan 20 2021
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics


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