Timed picture naming: Extended norms and validation against previous studies

Anna Székely, Simonetta D'Amico, Antonella Devescovi, Kara Federmeier, Dan Herron, Gowri Iyer, Thomas Jacobsen, Elizabeth Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Factors affecting word retrieval were compared in a timed picture-naming paradigm for 520 drawings of objects. In prior timed and untimed studies by Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980) and Snodgrass and Yuditsky (1996), concerns were raised that participants could not reliably name large numbers of items in a single session. We show that reliable results are obtained in a single session for 520 items and validate our method against previous findings by Snodgrass and colleagues for overlapping items. For these items, comparable levels of name agreement and latency are obtained, and we replicate effects of length, frequency, both objective and subjective age of acquisition, and visual complexity on reaction time (RT) and name agreement measures. Name agreement is unaffected by order of presentation, although there is a gradual increase in RTs across the session, requiring use of multiple random orders. Current extensions of our method include cross-linguistic, bilingual, developmental, and neuropsychological studies and comparisons of action naming and object naming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-633
Number of pages13
JournalBehavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)


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