Time-Serial Substitution Effects of Absence Control on Employee Time-Use

Ian A. Miners, Michael L. Moore, Joseph E. Champoux, Joseph J. Martocchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A 6-year study tracked the effects of a group-level absence control program within a Midwestern urban bus company. By modeling employee time-use options systemically, effects were examined graphically with daily precision. Short-term nonlegitimate absence decreased and time worked increased, but unintended substitution effects occurred as employees discovered legitimate ways to exploit absence and time scheduled off. Propositions for future research and methodological insights are noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-326
Number of pages20
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1995


  • absence control
  • absence from work
  • time-use options

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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