In this paper, various time-domain finite-element methods for the simulation of transient electromagnetic wave phenomena are discussed. Detailed descriptions of test/trial spaces, explicit and implicit formulations, nodal and edge/facet element basis functions are given, along with the numerical stability properties of the different methods. The advantages and disadvantages of mass lumping are examined. Finally, the various formulations are compared on the basis of their numerical dispersion performance.
- Electromagnetic transient analysis
- Finiteelement methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering