Time-dependent density functional study of the electronic excited states of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical ions

So Hirata, Martin Head-Gordon, Jan Szczepanski, Martin Vala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A uniform, comprehensive theoretical interpretation of spectroscopic data is presented for 51 radical ion species of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with the aid of (Tamm-Dancoff) time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). TDDFT is capable of predicting the transition energies to the low-lying excited states of PAH ions with quantitative accuracy (the standard deviation from experimental results being less than 0.3 eV) and their intensity patterns qualitatively correctly. The accuracy is hardly affected by the sizes of PAH ions (azulene through dinaphthocoronene), the types of transitions (Koopmans or satellite transitions), the types of orbitals involved (π* ← π, π* ← σ, or σ* ← π transitions), the types of ions (cations or anions), or other geometrical or electronic perturbations (nonplanarity, sp3 carbons, or heterocyclic or nonbenzenoid rings).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4940-4951
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume107
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Time-dependent density functional study of the electronic excited states of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical ions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this