Time- and space-resolved studies of shock compression molecular dynamics

J. E. Patterson, A. S. Lagutchev, S. A. Hambir, W. Huang, H. Yu, D. D. Dlott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two kinds of experiments are described, that measure the dynamical effects of shock compression on molecules with high time and space resolution. Time resolution is obtained using ultrafast nonlinear coherent vibrational spectroscopy. Space resolution greater than the diffraction limit is obtained by building in nanostructures of known dimensions. In the first experiments, 100 ps laser flash heating is used to suddenly vaporize Al nanoparticles embedded in reactive oxidizing polymers nitrocellulose (NC) and Teflon. The hot nanoparticles react with a surrounding shell of oxidizer and generate spherical shock waves > 10 GPa. The propagation of shock-induced chemistry in time and over distances ranging from 50 to 1,000 nm is measured and discussed. In the second experiment, femtosecond laser-driven planar shock waves run through a molecular monolayer of linear hydrocarbon chains. The methyl -CH3 groups that terminate the chains form a plane ∼1.5 Å thick. The C-H stretching vibrations of these groups are monitored as the shock front passes over. A combination of experiment and molecular simulations shows that chains with odd (15) numbers of carbon atoms become shorter by bending behind the shock front, whereas chains with even numbers (18) of carbon atoms undergo mechanical failure and shorten by forming gauche defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-402
Number of pages12
JournalShock Waves
Volume14
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

Keywords

  • Energetic materials
  • Laser-driven shock waves
  • Nanoparticles
  • Vibrational spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

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