Tidal breathing flow-volume loops in healthy and bronchitic cats.

B. C. McKiernan, J. A. Dye, E. A. Rozanski

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Tidal breathing flow-volume loops (TBFVL) were obtained from 19 healthy cats and 7 cats with chronic bronchial disease. Peak inspiratory flow (PIF) occurred late in the inspiratory cycle and was preceded by a gradual but more linear increase in the flow rate. Peak expiratory flow (PEF) occurred early during expiration and was followed by a curvilinear decrease in flow to a point near the end of expiration where flow ceased. The loops obtained were generally reproducible. The mean coefficient of variation (CV) for TBFVL indices of healthy cats ranged from 5.6% to 21.9%. Loop indices from cats with chronic bronchial disease had a mean CV between 6.6% and 28.4%. Significant differences were noted in the bronchitic cats' TBFVLs, including an increased ratio of expiratory time to inspiratory time, lower expiratory flow rates, decreased area under total and peak expiratory flow curves, and decreased tidal breathing expiratory volumes (TBEV) at 0.1 and 0.5 seconds. Selected TBFVL indices were also significantly reduced. TBFVL evaluation in the cat is easy to perform, is reproducible, and has allowed for the detection of changes during tidal breathing in cats with histories and physical findings of chronic lower airway disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-393
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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