Tic Tac TOE: Effects of predictability and importance on acoustic prominence in language production

Duane G. Watson, Jennifer E. Arnold, Michael K. Tanenhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Importance and predictability each have been argued to contribute to acoustic prominence. To investigate whether these factors are independent or two aspects of the same phenomenon, naïve participants played a verbal variant of Tic Tac Toe. Both importance and predictability contributed independently to the acoustic prominence of a word, but in different ways. Predictable game moves were shorter in duration and had less pitch excursion than less predictable game moves, whereas intensity was higher for important game moves. These data also suggest that acoustic prominence is affected by both speaker-centered processes (speaker effort) and listener-centered processes (intent to signal important information to the listener).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1548-1557
Number of pages10
JournalCognition
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intonation
  • Language production
  • Pitch accent
  • Prosody
  • Salience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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