Throwing the book: The recent evolution of federal punishment for "Cultural heritage" crimes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Though the United States Code had long recognized the importance of "objects of cultural heritage," it was not until November 2002, that the seriousness of rare book, map, or manuscript theft was reflected in federal sentencing guidelines. This article describes several categories of theft that are now recognized as being of a serious nature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalLibrary and Archival Security
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008



  • Cultural crimes
  • Sentencing
  • Theft of books and manuscripts
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Law

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