Three different hydrates of risedronate were obtained by varying the pH of a solution containing the compound. At the pH values used, the N atom of the pyridine group is protonated and the compounds are zwitterionic. Crystals obtained directly from the synthesis resulted in risedronate monohydrate, or [1-hydroxy-1-phosphono-2-(pyridinium-3-yl)ethyl]phosphonate monohydrate, C7H11NO7P2·H2O, (I), in which just one phosphonate group is negatively charged. Recrystallizations at pH values of 2 and 4 yielded risedronate dihydrate, or sodium [1-hydroxy-2-(pyridinium-3-yl)ethane-1,2-diyl]bis(phosphonate) dihydrate, Na+·C7H10NO7 P2-·-2H2O, (II). Finally, recrystallizations at pH values of 7 and 8 produced risedronate 2.5-hydrate, or sodium [1-hydroxy-2-(pyridinium-3-yl)ethane-1,2-diyl]bis(phosphonate) 2.5-hydrate, Na+·C7H10NO7 P2-·2.5H2O, (III). At these four pH values, both phosphonate groups in (II) and (III) are negatively charged and coordinated to an Na+ ion. Crystals of (II), i.e. those grown at pH values of 2 and 4, have isomorphous polymeric ion aggregate structures with geminal phosphonate and alcohol groups coordinated to the same Na+ ion. On the other hand, crystals of (III), i.e. those grown at pH values of 7 and 8, have isomorphism polymeric ion aggregate structures with geminal phosphonate and alcohol groups coordinated to different Na+ ions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)