We introduce a novel type of three-dimensional (3D) spectroscopy to study vibrational energy transfer, where an IR pulse tunable through the CH-stretching and CD-stretching regions was used to create parent vibrational excitations in liquids and a visible probe pulse was used to generate both Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman spectra as a function of delay time. The Raman spectra determine how much vibrational excitation was present in each probed state. The three dimensions are the wavenumber of the pumped state, the wavenumber of the probed state, and the time interval. The technique was used to study nitromethane (NM) and acetonitrile (ACN) and their deuterated analogues at ambient temperature. The 3D spectra were quite complicated. Three types of artifacts due to nonlinear light scattering were observed. Along the diagonal were two fundamental CH-stretch (or CD-stretch) transitions and several weaker combination bands or overtone transitions. Because Raman spectroscopy allows us to simultaneously probe a wide wavenumber region, for every diagonal peak, there were ∼10 off-diagonal peaks. The cross-peaks at shorter delay times reveal the nature of the initial excitation by showing which lower-wavenumber excitations were produced along with the pumped CH-stretch or CD-stretch. The longer-time spectra characterized vibrational energy relaxation processes, and showed how daughter vibrations were generated by different parent excitations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry