Three-dimensional flow visualization in the wake of a miniature axial-flow hydrokinetic turbine

Leonardo P. Chamorro, Daniel R. Troolin, Seung Jae Lee, R. E.A. Arndt, Fotis Sotiropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three-dimensional 3-component velocity measurements were made in the near wake region of a miniature 3-blade axial-flow turbine within a turbulent boundary layer. The model turbine was placed in an open channel flow and operated under subcritical conditions (Fr = 0.13). The spatial distribution of the basic flow statistics was obtained at various locations to render insights into the spatial features of the wake. Instantaneous and phase-averaged vortical structures were analyzed to get insights about their dynamics. The results showed a wake expansion proportional to the one-third power of the streamwise distance, within the first rotor diameter. Wake rotation was clearly identified up to a distance of roughly three rotor diameters. In particular, relatively high tangential velocity was observed near the wake core, but it was found to be nearly negligible at the turbine tip radius. In contrast, the radial velocity showed the opposite distribution, with higher radial velocity near the turbine tip and, due to symmetry, negligible at the rotor axis. Larger turbulence intensity was found above the hub height and near the turbine tip. Strong coherent tip vortices, visualized in terms of the instantaneous vorticity and the λ 2 criterion, were observed within the first rotor diameter downstream of the turbine. These structures, influenced by the velocity gradient in the boundary layer, appeared to loose their stability at distances greater than two rotor diameters. Hub vortices were also identified. Measurements did not exhibit significant tip-hub vortex interaction within the first rotor diameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

hydromechanics
axial flow
three dimensional flow
Axial flow
flow visualization
turbines
Flow visualization
wakes
rotors
Turbines
Rotors
hubs
Vortex flow
vortices
radial velocity
axial flow turbines
Boundary layers
open channel flow
near wakes
Open channel flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Three-dimensional flow visualization in the wake of a miniature axial-flow hydrokinetic turbine. / Chamorro, Leonardo P.; Troolin, Daniel R.; Lee, Seung Jae; Arndt, R. E.A.; Sotiropoulos, Fotis.

In: Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chamorro, Leonardo P. ; Troolin, Daniel R. ; Lee, Seung Jae ; Arndt, R. E.A. ; Sotiropoulos, Fotis. / Three-dimensional flow visualization in the wake of a miniature axial-flow hydrokinetic turbine. In: Experiments in Fluids. 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 2.
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