Objective Quantify differences in overhead throwing kinematics between wheelchair lacrosse athletes with spinal cord injury and able-bodied lacrosse athletes. Design This is a cross-sectional, prospective study. Motion analysis captured overhead throwing motions of five wheelchair lacrosse athletes with spinal cord injury and six able-bodied lacrosse athletes seated in a wheelchair and standing. Three-dimensional thorax and dominant arm sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, glenohumeral, elbow, and wrist joint angles, ranges of motion, as well as angular velocities were computed using an inverse kinematics model. Nonparametric tests assessed group differences (P < 0.05). Results Participants with spinal cord injury exhibited less peak thorax axial rotation, ranges of motion, and angular velocity, as well as greater wrist flexion than able-bodied participants seated. Participants with spinal cord injury exhibited less peak thorax axial rotation and lateral bending, ranges of motion, and three-dimensional angular velocities; less peak two-dimensional sternoclavicular joint motion, ranges of motion, and peak angular velocities; less peak acromioclavicular joint protraction angular velocity; less glenohumeral joint adduction-abduction and internal-external rotation motion, ranges of motion, and angular velocities; and greater wrist flexion than able-bodied participants standing. Conclusions Kinematic differences were observed between groups, with athletes with spinal cord injury exhibiting less thorax and upper extremity joint motion and slower joint angular velocities than able-bodied athletes. This knowledge may provide insights for movement patterns and potential injury risk in wheelchair lacrosse.
- Biomechanical Phenomena
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Sports for Persons With Disabilities
- Upper Extremity
ASJC Scopus subject areas