Thiol-reactive luminescent chelates of terbium and europium

Jiyan Chen, Paul R. Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thiol-reactive lanthanide complexes have been synthesized that are luminescent when bound to terbium and/or europium. The complexes consist of a diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) chelate covalently joined through one amide bond to a chromophore, carbostyril 124, and via a second amide bond to a maleimide, bromoacetamide, or pyridyldithio moiety. Site-specific attachment and characterization of the complexes attached to DNA-activating protein NtrC, to various sites on myosin, or to DNA are presented. The compounds coordinate a surprisingly large number of ligation sites of terbium when a hydrazide spacer is used between the chelate and thiol-reactive moiety, although this extra ligation can cause quenching when europium is used. Synthesis is a simple two- or three-step reaction, and purification is straightforward. The compounds should be useful as nonisotopic replacements, as long-lifetime probes in imaging, and as donors in luminescence resonance energy transfer. They are examples of a wide class of chelates that can be made conjugatable via readily available hetero- or homo-bifunctional linkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-315
Number of pages5
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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