Thiol-based fluorescent probe for reactive species

Jefferson Kar Fai Chan (Inventor), Nicholas William Pino (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


Detection of nitroxyl (HNO), the transient one-electron reduced form of nitric oxide, is a significant challenge owing to its high reactivity with biological thiols (rate constants as high as 109M−1 s−1). Reported herein is a new thiol-based HNO-responsive trigger that can compete against reactive thiols for HNO. This process forms an N-hydroxysulfenamide intermediate which cyclizes to release a masked fluorophore leading to fluorescence enhancement. To ensure a rapid cyclization step, the disclosed design capitalizes on two established physical organic phenomena: the alpha-effect and the Thorpe-Ingold effect. Using this new trigger, NitroxylFluor was developed; a selective HNO-responsive fluorescent probe. Treatment of NitroxylFluor with an HNO donor results in a 16-fold turn-on. This probe also exhibits excellent selectivity over various reactive nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur species and efficacy in the presence of thiols (e.g., glutathione in mM concentrations). Also, live cell imaging of HNO using NitroxylFluor was performed.
Original languageEnglish (US)
U.S. patent number11339175
Filing date11/6/19
StatePublished - May 24 2022


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