Thermo-mechanical finite element model of shell behavior in the continuous casting of steel

Chunsheng Li, Brian G. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A finite-element model, CON2D, has been developed to simulate temperature, stress, and shape development during the continuous casting of steel, both in and below the mold. The stress model features an elastic-viscoplastic creep constitutive equation that accounts for the different responses of the liquid, semi-solid, delta-ferrite, and austenite phases. Temperature and composition-dependent functions are also employed for properties such as thermal linear expansion. A contact algorithm is developed to prevent penetration of the shell into the mold wall due to the internal liquid pressure. An efficient two-step algorithm has been developed to integrate these highly non-linear equations. An inelastic strain damage criterion is developed to predict hot tear crack formation, which includes the contribution of pseudo-strain due to the flow of the liquid during feeding of the mushy zone. The model is validated with an analytical solution for both temperature and stress in a solidifying slab. It is then applied to predict the maximum casting speed to avoid crack formation due to bulging below the mold during casting of steel billets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-834
Number of pages8
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Issue numberII
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 6th Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications (AEPA2002) - Sydney, NSW, Australia
Duration: Dec 2 2002Dec 6 2002


  • 2D generalized plane strain
  • Bulging
  • Continuous casting
  • Crack criterion
  • Elastic-viscoplasticity
  • Finite element method FEM
  • Hot tearing
  • Solidification
  • Thermal stress model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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