Thermal studies of the spin liquid state and analog to the4He melting curve in a geometrically frustrated magnet

Y. K. Tsui, C. A. Burns, J. Snyder, P. Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Gadolinium gallium garnet, Gd3Ga5O12 (GGG) has an extraordinary low-temperature phase diagram. Although the Curie-Weiss temperature of GGG is ∼ - 2 K, GGG shows no long-range order down to T ∼ 0.4 K. At low temperatures GGG has a spin glass phase at low fields (≲0.1 T), a field-induced long-range ordered antiferromagnetic state at fields of between 0.7 and 1.3 T, and, at intermediate fields, an apparent spin-liquid state without long-range order. We have characterized the intermediate field (IF) state through heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and magnetocaloric measurements. Our results show a sharp high-field phase boundary of the thermal irreversibility of the spin glass phase of GGG implying that the intermediate field phase is distinct from the spin glass. The lower field boundary of the AFM phase is shown to have distinct minimum at T ∼ 0.2 K, in analogy to the minimum in the melting curve of 4He. The existence of such a minimum is confirmed by measurements of the latent heat of the transition below that temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-300
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Volume280
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Event22nd International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT-22) - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: Aug 4 1999Aug 11 1999

Keywords

  • Antiferromagnet
  • Frustration
  • Gadolinium gallium garnet
  • Magnetic transitions
  • Spin glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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