Thermal properties and phase transition of 2 ZrO 2 ̇P 2 O 5 studied by in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction

Joachim Angelkort, Zlatomir D. Apostolov, Zachary A. Jones, Steven Letourneau, Waltraud M Kriven

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High-temperature in situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction experiments were carried out to investigate the phase transition mechanism of Zr 2 P 2 O 9 (2ZrO 2 ·P 2 O 5 or "Z 2 P"). Linear thermal expansion coefficients were calculated for the low-temperature phase (α-Z 2 P) and the high-temperature phase (β-Z 2 P) from temperature-dependent changes in lattice parameters. The crystal structures of α- and β-Z 2 P were determined as a function of temperature by performing Rietveld crystal structure refinements. The structural changes at the phase transition are accompanied by an increase in the average atomic distance between neighboring Zr atoms. The occurrence of shorter metal-metal distances in α-Z 2 P is interpreted to result from stronger interactions between partly occupied valence orbitals of the d 0 metal atoms. The bond valence method was used to calculate the valence sums of the atoms of α- and β-Z 2 P, respectively, considering also contributions resulting from covalently bonded atoms. As the bond strength between the metal atoms in Z 2 P decreases with the transition into the high-temperature phase, notably, the metal-metal interactions are regarded to constitute a prerequisite for the stabilization of the α-phase over the energetically favored β-phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1292-1299
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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