The thermal conductivity of thin films of the phase-change material Ge2 Sb2 Te5 is measured in the temperature range of 27 °C<T<400 °C using time-domain thermoreflectance. From the low thermal conductivity of amorphous phase, the conductivity increases irreversibly with increasing temperature and undergoes large changes with phase transformations. Thermal transport in the amorphous and early cubic phases can be described by a random walk of vibrational energy, i.e., the minimum thermal conductivity. In the hexagonal phase, the electronic contribution to the thermal conductivity is larger than the lattice contribution. Crystallization by laser processing produces a cubic phase with a lower thermal conductivity than cubic phases produced by thermal annealing; the authors attribute this difference in conductivity to a larger degree of atomic-scale disorder in films that are crystallized on short time scales.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)