Theory of the Transverse Gradient Wiggler

Norman M. Kroll, Phillip L. Morton, Marshall N. Rosenbluth, James N. Eckstein, John M.J. Madey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Analytical models are developed for the operation of gain-expanded transverse gradient wigglers in the low, medium, and high optical intensity regimes. The first two are Raman regimes in which the optical wave and transverse betatron oscillations grow simultaneously. They differ from one another only in the nature of the saturation mechanism. The third or high intensity regime is a trapped particle regime physically very similar to the regime of high extraction variable parameter wigglers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1496-1507
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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