A new model of compartmentalized relaxation that-which occurs for spins (protons) exchanging between compartments of different relaxation rates-is presented. This model generalizes previous ones by allowing spatially dependent relaxation within compartments. Solutions for the diffusion-Bloch equations are found via an efficient numerical technique known as the generalized moment expansion, and they agree well with the solutions to the standard two-site exchange equations (TSEE) for many typical situations. Specific models are developed for liposomes, red blood cells, capillaries, and arteries with respect to applied contrast agents. A parameter derived from tissue characteristics is introduced to predict the nature of the solutions. A new method is proposed for using contrast agents to detect capillaries, which exploits their high surface-to-volume ratio relative to the other elements of the vasculature.
- capillary deletion
- contrast agents
- generalized moment expansion
- two-site exchange
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology