Theory of entanglements and tube confinement in rod-sphere nanocomposites

Umi Yamamoto, Kenneth S Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We formulate a microscopic theory for the polymer transverse confinement length and associated dynamic potential for a mixture of infinitely thin rods and hard spheres based solely on topological entanglements and excluded volume constraints. For fixed spheres, the needle effective tube diameter decreases with particle loading, and is largely controlled by a single dimensionless parameter involving all three key length-scales in the problem. A crossover from polymer entanglement to nanoparticle-controlled tube localization with increased loading is predicted. A preliminary extension to chain melts exhibits reasonable agreement with a recent simulation, and experimentally testable predictions are made. This work establishes a first-principles theoretical foundation to investigate a variety of dynamical problems in entangled polymer nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-959
Number of pages5
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume2
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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