TY - JOUR

T1 - Theory of coupled translational-rotational glassy dynamics in dense fluids of uniaxial particles

AU - Zhang, Rui

AU - Schweizer, Kenneth S.

PY - 2009/8/6

Y1 - 2009/8/6

N2 - The naïve mode coupling theory (NMCT) for ideal kinetic arrest and the nonlinear Langevin equation theory of activated single-particle barrier hopping dynamics are generalized to treat the coupled center-of-mass (CM) translational and rotational motions of uniaxial hard objects in the glassy fluid regime. The key dynamical variables are the time-dependent displacements of the particle center-of-mass and orientational angle. The NMCT predicts a kinetic arrest diagram with three dynamical states: ergodic fluid, plastic glass, and fully nonergodic double glass, the boundaries of which meet at a "triple point" corresponding to a most difficult to vitrify diatomic of aspect ratio ∼1.43. The relative roles of rotation and translation in determining ideal kinetic arrest are explored by examining three limits of the theory corresponding to nonrotating, pure rotation, and rotationally ergodic models. The ideal kinetic arrest boundaries represent a crossover to activated dynamics described by two coupled stochastic nonlinear Langevin equations for translational and rotational motions. The fundamental quantity is a dynamic free-energy surface, which for small aspect ratios in the high-volume fraction regime exhibits two saddle points reflecting a two-step activated dynamics where relatively rapid rotational dynamics coexists with slower CM translational motions. For large-enough aspect ratios, the dynamic free-energy surface has one saddle point which corresponds to a system-specific coordinated translation-rotation motion. The entropic barriers as a function of the relative amount of rotation versus translation are determined.

AB - The naïve mode coupling theory (NMCT) for ideal kinetic arrest and the nonlinear Langevin equation theory of activated single-particle barrier hopping dynamics are generalized to treat the coupled center-of-mass (CM) translational and rotational motions of uniaxial hard objects in the glassy fluid regime. The key dynamical variables are the time-dependent displacements of the particle center-of-mass and orientational angle. The NMCT predicts a kinetic arrest diagram with three dynamical states: ergodic fluid, plastic glass, and fully nonergodic double glass, the boundaries of which meet at a "triple point" corresponding to a most difficult to vitrify diatomic of aspect ratio ∼1.43. The relative roles of rotation and translation in determining ideal kinetic arrest are explored by examining three limits of the theory corresponding to nonrotating, pure rotation, and rotationally ergodic models. The ideal kinetic arrest boundaries represent a crossover to activated dynamics described by two coupled stochastic nonlinear Langevin equations for translational and rotational motions. The fundamental quantity is a dynamic free-energy surface, which for small aspect ratios in the high-volume fraction regime exhibits two saddle points reflecting a two-step activated dynamics where relatively rapid rotational dynamics coexists with slower CM translational motions. For large-enough aspect ratios, the dynamic free-energy surface has one saddle point which corresponds to a system-specific coordinated translation-rotation motion. The entropic barriers as a function of the relative amount of rotation versus translation are determined.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.011502

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.011502

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:68949115931

SN - 1539-3755

VL - 80

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

IS - 1

M1 - 011502

ER -