TY - JOUR

T1 - Theory of correlated two-particle activated glassy dynamics

T2 - General formulation and heterogeneous structural relaxation in hard sphere fluids

AU - Sussman, Daniel M.

AU - Schweizer, Kenneth S.

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative of the National Science Foundation under NSF Award DMR-0642573.

PY - 2011/2/14

Y1 - 2011/2/14

N2 - We generalize the nonlinear Langevin equation theory of activated single particle dynamics to describe the correlated motion of two tagged spherical particles in a glass- or gel-forming fluid as a function of their initial separation. The theory is built on the concept of a two-dimensional dynamic free energy surface which quantifies the forces on two particles moving in a cooperative manner. For the hard sphere fluid, above a threshold volume fraction we generically find two relaxation channels corresponding largely, but not exclusively, to a center-of-mass-like displacement and a radial separation of the two tagged particles. The entropic barriers and mean first passage times are computed and found to systematically vary with volume fraction and initial particle separation; both oscillate as a function of the latter in a manner related to the equilibrium pair correlation function. A dynamic correlation length is estimated as the length scale beyond which the two-particle activated dynamics becomes uncorrelated in space and time, and is found to modestly grow with increasing mean relaxation time. The theory is also applied to a simplified model of cage escape, the elementary step of structural relaxation. Predictions for characteristic relaxation times, translation-relaxation decoupling, and stretched-exponential decay of time correlation functions are obtained. A novel mechanism for understanding why strong decoupling emerges in the activated regime, but stretched nonexponential time correlation functions do not change shape as the mean relaxation time grows, is presented and favorably compared with experiment. The theory may serve as a starting point for constructing a predictive model of multiple correlated caging and hopping (forward and backward) events of a pair of tagged particles.

AB - We generalize the nonlinear Langevin equation theory of activated single particle dynamics to describe the correlated motion of two tagged spherical particles in a glass- or gel-forming fluid as a function of their initial separation. The theory is built on the concept of a two-dimensional dynamic free energy surface which quantifies the forces on two particles moving in a cooperative manner. For the hard sphere fluid, above a threshold volume fraction we generically find two relaxation channels corresponding largely, but not exclusively, to a center-of-mass-like displacement and a radial separation of the two tagged particles. The entropic barriers and mean first passage times are computed and found to systematically vary with volume fraction and initial particle separation; both oscillate as a function of the latter in a manner related to the equilibrium pair correlation function. A dynamic correlation length is estimated as the length scale beyond which the two-particle activated dynamics becomes uncorrelated in space and time, and is found to modestly grow with increasing mean relaxation time. The theory is also applied to a simplified model of cage escape, the elementary step of structural relaxation. Predictions for characteristic relaxation times, translation-relaxation decoupling, and stretched-exponential decay of time correlation functions are obtained. A novel mechanism for understanding why strong decoupling emerges in the activated regime, but stretched nonexponential time correlation functions do not change shape as the mean relaxation time grows, is presented and favorably compared with experiment. The theory may serve as a starting point for constructing a predictive model of multiple correlated caging and hopping (forward and backward) events of a pair of tagged particles.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.3533368

DO - 10.1063/1.3533368

M3 - Article

C2 - 21322714

AN - SCOPUS:79951799285

VL - 134

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 6

M1 - 064516

ER -