Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: A meta-analysis

Dolores Albarracín, Martin Fishbein, Blair T. Johnson, Paige A. Muellerleile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To examine how well the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior predict condom use, the authors synthesized 96 data sets (N = 22.594) containing associations between the models' key variables. Consistent with the theory of reasoned action's predictions, (a) condom use was related to intentions (weighted mean r. = .45), (b) intentions were based on attitudes (r. = .58) and subjective norms (r. = .39), and (c) attitudes were associated with behavioral beliefs (r. = .56) and norms were associated with normative beliefs (r. = .46). Consistent with the theory of planned behavior's predictions, perceived behavioral control was related to condom use intentions (r. = .45) and condom use (r. = .25), but in contrast to the theory, it did not contribute significantly to condom use. The strength of these associations, however, was influenced by the consideration of past behavior. Implications of these results for HIV prevention efforts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-161
Number of pages20
JournalPsychological bulletin
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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